One Liners for Geography & Important Definitions – Static Science GK Material for Competitive exams like SSC, Railways etc

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Geography Notes, Important Geography Notes for Competitive Exams, G.K.Notes for Railway Exams, Notes for RRB Exams, Important Terms related to Geography, One Liners for Geography, Lucent G.K. material, Lagoon, Lithosphere, Important Definitions.

Geography Notes

  • Lagoon – Lagoon is the part of sea partially cut off from it by deposits of sand or coral reefs,viz. Chilika Lake in Odisha.
  • Leaching – The process by which soluble substances are washed out of the upper layers of the soils into lower layers by percolating rainwater.
  • Light year – The distance traveled by the light in one year, the speed being 1,86,000 miles per second.According to International Astronomical Union, a light-year is the distance that light travels in vacuum in one Julian year. The unit is used for measuring the distance of stars from the earth.
  • Lithosphere – The solid crust of the earth. On Earth, it is composed of the crust and the portion of the upper mantle.
  • Magnetic Storms – Large, irregular variations or disturbances in the earth’s magnetic field.
  • Meridian – A line of longitude, or half of onne of the greatest circles that passes through the poles and cut the equator at right angles.
  • Mesophyte – A plant that requires a moderate amount of moisture.
  • Midnight Sun – A phenomenon observed in high latitudes around midsummer when the sun does not sink below the horizon throughout the 24 hours of a day and night cycle and may thus be visible even at midnight.
  • Moraine – The debris or fragments of rock material brought down with the movement of glacier.
  • Nivation – Erosion due to action of snow.
  • Oasis – Area in the desert where water is available.
  • Ocean current – Movement of the surface water of the ocean.
  • Opisometer – Instrument used for measuring distances in map.
  • Orographic rain – Rain caused by mountains standing in the path of moisture-laden winds.
  • Outwash Plain – Alluvial plain formed by streams originating from the melting ice of a glacier.
  • Pastoralism – Pastoralism is the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock. It is animal husbandry: the care, tending and use of animals such as cattle, camels, goats, yaks, llamas, reindeers, horses and sheep.
  • Perigee – The point in the orbit of moon or a planet or in the apparent orbit of the sun, nearest to the earth.
  • Perihelion – The position of the earth in its orbit or any other heavenly body, nearest to the sun.
  • Permafrost – Ground that is pemanent frozen.
  • Piedmont – Belonging to or related to the foot of mountain.

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